INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS INFLUENCING ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF KENYA CERTIFICATE OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AMONG CHILDREN WITH HEARING IMPAIRMENT IN COAST REGION, KENYA
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This study investigated institutional factors influencing academic performance of Kenya
Certificate of Primary Education on children with hearing impairment in special schools
in Coast region, Kenya. The statement of the problem was the growing concern of the
institutional factors influencing academic performance of learners with hearing
impairment in the region, prompting the investigation to find solution to improve
performance in national examinations. The research was done to establish the extent to
which school environment influence KCPE results of learners with hearing impairment in
special schools. This was when the researcher looked at the staffing situation to establish
whether there were enough teachers in the targeted schools. Class enrolment was also
checked to find out if teachers were handling large numbers of learners. Teacher’s
workload was also highlighted to determine whether they were being overworked which
could contribute to working poorly. The research also established the extent to which
trained personnel on special needs education influence KCPE performance. This was to
find out whether the teachers, school management board members and education officers
had undergone trainings on special needs education. That would determine if the
concerned had relevant skills to enable the learners perform better in exams. An example
of such required skills was the Kenya sign language. This was the only way someone
would communicate effectively with hearing impaired learners. Social factors which
might have influenced KCPE performance were also highlighted. Awareness on
challenges faced by learners with hearing impairment was put into consideration. That
would help the stakeholders to deal with the challenges and minimize them where
possible. The research also established the extent to which teaching/learning resources
influence KCPE performance. This was to determine whether the schools had enough
teaching and learning resources such as sign language text books and hearing aids. When
such resources would be lacking performance in national examinations would also be
affected. Other theories related to the topic were also highlighted to determine what other
researchers found out and whether their findings had some impact on the topic in
searching for solution of the problem. All the findings would be used by the researcher to
make recommendations and suggestions to the relevant authorities for intervention
measures aiming at improving KCPE performance for learners with hearing impairment
in special schools.