FACTORS AFFECTING ACCESS TO UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION BY NOMADIC PASTORALISTS: A CASE OF SANKURI DIVISION GARISSA DISTRICT KENYA
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Nomadic pastoralists are tens of millions of people mainly residing in Africa, the Middle East
and South, South-West and Central Asia. Their contribution to socio-economic and political
development is great. Thus the importance of examining factors affecting access to UPE by
Kenya’s nomadic pastoralists. They have largely been excluded from access to UPE despite
numerous interventions by the government since early 1960’s. This research employed
descriptive design. The study involved learners, parents, classroom teachers, head teachers and
QASO as target population. The research findings indicate learners’ characteristics (F (7, 65) =4.0;
P<0.005) that pointed out average score and age, household characteristics (F (4, 65) = 15.604;
P<0.05) that identified household income and distance, and community factors (F(3, 65) = 38.286;
P<0.05); that picked on role model as the only factors affecting access to UPE by nomadic
pastoralist. Resource input (F3, 65) =9.669; P<0.05) that had supply of learning materials, supply
of qualified and motivated teachers and supply of school facilities were found not to be
affecting access to UPE by nomadic pastoralists. Therefore the study recommends Open
Distance Learning, involvement of private sector in nomadic education and abolition of all
school levies as measures to increase effective access to UPE by nomadic pastoralists. The study
suggests areas that need further research which include alternative education model for nomadic
pastoralists and transition rate of education for nomadic pastoralist from primary to secondary.
The research findings add to the body of knowledge of nomadic education. The findings and
recommendations can be replicated with varying degree to a similar population elsewhere. The
findings are useful to all education stakeholders who might refer to this report for appropriate educational
intervention in nomadic pastoralists’ education.