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Education is the foundation that we build upon for the rest of our lives. Education  in the world  is  to ensure  that it enables  children  both girls  and boys from poor families enroll and  complete  a full course  of primary school. Educating girls  is one of  the strongest  ways not only  to improve  gender  quality  but  in promoting  economic  growth  and   health development  of families , communities  and  nations through  human  development. However, statistics  from United  Nations  Declaration  of Human Rights  (UNDHR) show  around 67 million  children  worldwide  many of them girls  do not get  education  opportunities  and achievements  due to war, famine, natural disasters and corruption. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors influencing girls’ enrolment in public primary  schools in Mumias Division, Mumias District  in Kakamega County. The objectives of the  study  included  to establish  how economic  factors influence  enrolment  of girls  in Public  primary  schools , investigate  how family  background  factors influence enrolment of girls in public primary  schools, determine how social  factors influence enrolment of girls in public primary schools, establish how cultural  factors  influence  enrolment of girls in public primary schools, determine how school and environmental  factors  influence  enrolment of  girls  in public  primary schools.  The study population comprised of primary school headteachers , class teachers, class eight girls  and parents of Mumias  division, Mumias District  in Kakamega county . Three questionnaires were used to collect data and interview guidelines for parents.  They were summarized and analyzed descriptively using tables, frequencies and percentages. A pretest   was  carried out  in three schools  randomly  selected  from  24 primary  schools  to test  validity and  reliability. The study found out that a combination of factors contributed to low enrolment of girls in public primary schools. The key factors were funding of the primary schools by the Government of Kenya. Poverty played another role negatively. It was also evident that majority of parents and guardians of the girl child had low economic background. It was also revealed that most parents and guardians had not attained higher level of education. According to female respondents, the high number of siblings was another major factor. The community should be sensitized on girl child rights. The T.S.C needs to employ more teachers for smooth running of schools. School feeding programme to alleviate hunger should be introduced in schools. The Government should increase funding to cater for the essential necessities.