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Food security has remained a major challenge for the governments around the world. Kenya
in particular has suffered for long over food insecurity both in urban and rural areas. Studies
have discovered that, despite the much effort by the government and donor agencies in
funding food-based programs, implementation of the same has remained an issue. Makuyu
division in particular has been under several famine interventions like World Food
Programme, World Vision Kenya, and Njaa Marufuku Kenya among others. Despite the
much effort of the said agencies, the area has remained vulnerable to hunger and poverty. In
line with this, the study sought to investigate socio-economic factors influencing
implementation of food-based programmers in the area of study. The study focused on the
demographic characteristics, land accessibility, capacity building and income level of the
program implementers. Descriptive survey was used to gather information from the
programme implementers from a target population of the 180 members of the groups
undertaking the project activities and four NMK government officers. A sample of 123
members selected from the eight NMK funded groups through stratified proportional simple
random offered required information by responding to the provided questionnaires. The study
instruments were validated prior to actual data collection by close consultation with research
experts and peer students. A self help group different from the study population was used for
pilot testing. The scores obtained from the pilot objects were correlated to determine the
instruments reliability. Obtained raw data were systematically organized, coded, analyzed
through descriptive statistics with aid of a computer Software Statistic Package for Social
Scientists and finally presented using percentage, frequency distribution and cross tabulation
tables. The research findings showed that demographic characteristics; gender, age, marital
status and family size had great influence on implementation of NMK food-based
programmes. Land accessibility; availability, size and ownership greatly influenced
implementation of the NMK programme. The study also found that capacity building and the
level of implementers’ income were great influencers of programme implementation. The
study recommends for gender balance in funding and capacity development towards
implementation of food-based programmes. The government should also check on the issue
of land which the study found a barrier to the implementation of agricultural projects.
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